The Effects of Work Stress on Women's Satisfaction in Agricultural Activities in District Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
The primary economic activity in Pakistan's rural areas is agriculture. For those families, this financial support is essential. In addition to taking care of the home and household, women in rural areas work in agriculture. Women's economic contributions to agriculture are overlooked in this context, and as a result, they continue to work as unpaid employees. The related research work entitled “Investigating the Effects of Work Stress on Women's Satisfaction in Agricultural Activities in District Dir Upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan” was conducted in Upper Dir District. By applying the Sekaran criteria, a purposeful sample size of 181 farming women was obtained. The dependent variable (women's happiness with farming activities) and the independent variable (work stress) together up a conceptual framework. Data analysis, both univariate and bivariate, was carried out using SPSS (statistical packages for social science). By this, a cross-tabulation (CHI-SQUARE) test was performed to determine whether the dependent and independent variables were related. The satisfaction women farmers experience with their activities was found to have a highly significant correlation (P=0.000) with the following independent variables: farm women perform multiple tasks that impact their physical health; as a result of performing multiple tasks, farm women suffer from malnourishment; unhealthy food has a worse effect on women's health; farm women have less access to health care centers, which increases health issues; challenges related to weather and market values increase mental health issues; and farm women's anxiety is increased by performing various tasks. To facilitate recuperation and relieve mental stress and health difficulties, the government must support regulations that encourage women to engage in financially lucrative agricultural endeavors. Additionally, leisure time, rest periods, and activities involving relaxation should be provided.
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