Role of Mindfulness on Relationship Between Psychological Well-Being and Perceived Stress Among University Students
Within the past few decades, there has been a surge of interest in the investigation of mindfulness as a psychological construct and as a form of clinical intervention. Mindfulness is an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being. With the increasing awareness on mindfulness, this study evaluated the relationship between perceived stress and psychological well-being and examined mindfulness as a moderator. Data was collected using the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale trait version. (Carlson & Brown, 2005), the Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983) and Ryff’s scales of psychological well-being (Ryff 1989b). Sample of the study (N = 186) included students from different universities of Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that mindfulness significantly moderated the relationship between perceived stress and psychological wellbeing, explaining 4% variance in it, ΔR2= .04, ΔF (1, 182) = 6.60, p ˂ .05. The results imply that by enhancing mindfulness, negative effects of perceived stress can be buffered and hence psychological well-being can be improved.
Keywords: Mindfulness, Psychological well-being, Perceived Stress.
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